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Management resourcing and government transparency are key drivers of biodiversity outcomes in Southeast Asian protected areas

Graham, V, Geldmann, J, Adams, VM ORCID: 0000-0002-3509-7901, Grech, A, Deinet, S and Chang, HC 2021 , 'Management resourcing and government transparency are key drivers of biodiversity outcomes in Southeast Asian protected areas' , Biological Conservation, vol. 253 , pp. 1-7 , doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108875.

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Protected areas aim to conserve nature by providing safe havens for biodiversity. However, protection from habitat loss, poaching and other threats, is not guaranteed without adequate investment in their management. Here, we examine the relationship between management effectiveness using the Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) and trends of 79 populations of mammals and birds in 12 Southeast Asian protected areas from Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the negative influence of corruption on species population change, we find evidence that adequate financial and human resourcing are important determinants in achieving good biodiversity outcomes. Management resourcing, national government transparency and body size collectively explain 29% of the variation in animal population trends in our model. Our paper contributes to a growing evidence base linking management resourcing shortfalls to declining biodiversity populations in protected areas. Our key findings are relevant to international funding agencies, governments and NGOs, to aid decision making around the allocation of conservation resources in Southeast Asia.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Graham, V and Geldmann, J and Adams, VM and Grech, A and Deinet, S and Chang, HC
Keywords: protected areas, biodiversity, animal population trends, management effectiveness tracking tool, government transparency, living planet database, Southeast Asia
Journal or Publication Title: Biological Conservation
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
ISSN: 0006-3207
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108875
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Copyright 2020 Elsevier Ltd

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