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Loneliness and the cultural, spatial, temporal and generational bases of belonging

Franklin, A ORCID: 0000-0002-3207-0498 and Tranter, BK ORCID: 0000-0002-0649-6065 2021 , 'Loneliness and the cultural, spatial, temporal and generational bases of belonging' , Australian Journal of Psychology , doi: 10.1080/00049530.2020.1837007.

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Sociologists and psychologists now agree on the signi!cance of belonging to the experience ofloneliness. Yet to date, this is unevenly re"ected in both survey instruments and qualitativeinquiry where the focus is mostly on belongingness attributed to social connectivity, socialsupport, intimate social bonds and interpersonal relationships. While these are very important,recent work on belonging itself has stressed the signi!cance of much wider bases of belonging,including place, temporality, memory, mobilities, generation, culture, labour processes, kinshipsystems, residential arrangements, settlement patterns, the public sphere and more-thanhumanfactors. Drawing on evidence from sociology and other disciplines in the humanitiesand social sciences, this paper brings these insights together for the !rst time in order todevelop a deeper consideration of belonging for loneliness research, and especially to identifyfurther sources of variation in loneliness. In this article we will concentrate on kinship, cultural,spatial, temporal and generational bases of belonging, which while discrete are also ofteninterrelated and linked to wider social structural developments associated with individualismand neoliberalism. We argue that this research is a necessary foundation for the “all-ofgovernment”strategies on loneliness that are just beginning to gain favour and tractionthrough their consideration of individual and structural solutions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Franklin, A and Tranter, BK
Keywords: loneliness, Australia
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Journal of Psychology
Publisher: Australian Psychological Soc
ISSN: 0004-9530
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/00049530.2020.1837007
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Australian Psychological Society

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