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Looking at remembering: eye movements, pupil size, and autobiographical memory

Janssen, SMJ, Foo, A, Johnson, SN, Lim, A and Satel, J ORCID: 0000-0002-5903-4104 2021 , 'Looking at remembering: eye movements, pupil size, and autobiographical memory' , Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, vol. 89 , doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2021.103089.

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To examine the relationship between visual imagery and autobiographical memory, eye positionand pupil size were recorded while participants first searched for memories and then reconstructedthe retrieved memories (Experiment 1), or only searched for memories (Experiment 2).In Experiment 1, we observed that, although recollective experience was not associated with thenumber of fixations per minute, memories that took longer to retrieve were linked to increasedpupil size. In Experiment 2, we observed that directly retrieved memories were recalled morequickly and were accompanied by smaller pupils than generatively retrieved memories. Aftercorrecting for response time, retrieval mode also produced an effect, showing that decreased pupilsize is not simply due to directly retrieved memories being recalled more quickly. These findingsprovide compelling evidence that objective measures, such as pupil size, can be used alongsidesubjective measures, such as self-reports, to distinguish between directly retrieved and generativelyretrieved memories.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Janssen, SMJ and Foo, A and Johnson, SN and Lim, A and Satel, J
Keywords: autobiographical memory, fixations, saccades, blinks, pupil size, emotional intensity, recollective experience, retrieval mode, direct retrieval, generative retrieval
Journal or Publication Title: Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal
Publisher: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
ISSN: 1053-8100
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.concog.2021.103089
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 Elsevier Inc.

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