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Resolution of the phylogenetic relationship of the vulnerable flesh-footed shearwater (Ardenna carneipes) seabird using a complete mitochondrial genome


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Sarker, S, Athukorala, A, Talukder, S, Haque, MH, Helbig, K, Lavers, JL ORCID: 0000-0001-7596-6588 and Raidal, SR 2021 , 'Resolution of the phylogenetic relationship of the vulnerable flesh-footed shearwater (Ardenna carneipes) seabird using a complete mitochondrial genome' , Mitochondrial DNA Part B, vol. 6, no. 4 , 1507–1511 , doi: 10.1080/23802359.2021.1914234.

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Flesh-footed shearwater (Ardenna carneipes) is recognized as vulnerable seabird species in Western Australia and New South Wales, Australia, and its genetic variability and a well-resolved phylogeny is imperative for the species’ conservation. Here, we report the first sequenced mitogenome of the Australian A. carneipes. The mitogenome of A. carneipes was 16,370 bp in total length and encompassed 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs, and one non-coding region (D-loop). All of the genes were encoded on the H-strand with the exception of ND6 and eight tRNAs, which is a conserved pattern of the mitogenome for other vertebrates. The mitogenome of A. carneipes was dominated by higher AT (56.5%) than GC (43.5%) content. In the resulting phylogenetic tree using complete mitogenome sequences, flesh-footed shearwater and gray petrel (Procellaria cinerea) grouped together despite the high genetic distance (11.0%) between them, belonging to family Procellariidae. However, the phylogenetic tree was consistent with a previous study using partial nucleotide sequences of the cytochrome b gene. These results highlight that further mitogenome sequences will be required from the closely related species under the genus Ardenna to delineate well-resolved phylogenetic classification at the genus and or species level. The present study provides a reference mitochondrial genome of flesh-footed shearwater for further molecular studies.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Sarker, S and Athukorala, A and Talukder, S and Haque, MH and Helbig, K and Lavers, JL and Raidal, SR
Keywords: seabird ecology, phylogenetics, flesh-footed shearwater
Journal or Publication Title: Mitochondrial DNA Part B
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 2380-2359
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/23802359.2021.1914234
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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