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Processes driving iron and manganese dispersal from the TAG hydrothermal plume (Mid-Atlantic Ridge): results from a GEOTRACES process study

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Gonzalez-Santana, D, Planquette, H, Cheize, M, Whitby, H, Gourain, A, Holmes, T ORCID: 0000-0001-8061-4325, Guyader, V, Cathalot, C, Pelleter, E, Fouquet, Y and Sarthou, G 2020 , 'Processes driving iron and manganese dispersal from the TAG hydrothermal plume (Mid-Atlantic Ridge): results from a GEOTRACES process study' , Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 7, no. JULY , pp. 1-17 , doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00568.

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Abstract

Hydrothermal vents are a recognized source of trace elements to the ocean inventory. Nevertheless, the contribution of slow-spreading ridges remains poorly resolved. To address this, high-resolution dissolved (–1 right above the vent site to 0.43 ± 0.01 and 1.56 ± 0.02 nmol kg–1 at the most distal station, respectively. Using a 5-box model coupled with our data, we show that as the plume traveled away from the vent, aggregation processes controlled dFe concentrations in the first 2 km, with an aggregation rate averaging between 8.0 ± 0.6 and 0.11 ± 0.04 nmol L–1 d–1, respectively in the first and second kilometer. Aggregation, likely of small colloidal particles, led to partitioning of the size fractionated Fe pool, as 6% of the dFe was moved into the particulate size fraction. Further away, disaggregation processes became more prevalent, with rates ranging from 0.27 ± 0.02 to 0.008 ± 0.001 nmol L–1 d–1, enriching the dFe pool by 10%. The computed decrease of hydrothermal Fe within the neutrally buoyant plume was likely caused by flocculation of small Fe oxyhydroxide particles. This process resulted in Fe aggregate formation with radii estimated to range between 14 and 20 μm in the first km from TAG. Between 2 and 30 km from the vent site, the radii ranged between 2 and 4 μm.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Gonzalez-Santana, D and Planquette, H and Cheize, M and Whitby, H and Gourain, A and Holmes, T and Guyader, V and Cathalot, C and Pelleter, E and Fouquet, Y and Sarthou, G
Keywords: iron, manganese, hydrothermal, TAG, Mid Atlantic Ridge, GEOTRACES
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI / ID Number: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00568
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 González-Santana, Planquette, Cheize, Whitby, Gourain, Holmes,Guyader, Cathalot, Pelleter, Fouquet and Sarthou. This is an open-access articledistributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)

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