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Opportunities to improve ecosystem-based fisheries management by recognizing and overcoming path dependency and cognitive bias

Fulton, EA 2021 , 'Opportunities to improve ecosystem-based fisheries management by recognizing and overcoming path dependency and cognitive bias' , Fish and Fisheries, vol. 22, no. 2 , pp. 428-448 , doi: 10.1111/faf.12537.

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Abstract

The rate of change in marine ecosystems and the speed with which pressure on those systems is escalating are much faster than rates of institutional change or management responses. The continued promulgation of a century‐old management approach (i.e., single species maximum sustainable yield), despite decades of scientific warnings regarding its flaws, highlights how fisheries management and science can be constrained by path dependency and psychological traps. Major disruptions to the functioning of fisheries created by climate and SARS‐CoV‐2 (COVID‐19) present an opportunity to take a step back and introduce alternative approaches more appropriate to the extant conditions in the majority of global fisheries. This reset point, in combination with a proliferation of cheaper technological options, provides the opportunity for fisheries in emerging economies to reach a sustainable position without retracing the steps, or holding to the assumptions behind the fisheries management approaches applied in regions such as Europe, North America or Australia.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Fulton, EA
Keywords: behavioural science, ecosystem-based management, fisheries, MSY, psychology
Journal or Publication Title: Fish and Fisheries
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN: 1467-2960
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/faf.12537
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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