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Longitudinal associations among cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, motor competence and objectively measured physical activity

Jaakkola, T, Yli-Piipari, S, Huhtiniemi, M, Salin, K, Seppala, S, Hakonen, H and Grasten, A ORCID: 0000-0002-9598-7949 2019 , 'Longitudinal associations among cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, motor competence and objectively measured physical activity' , Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 22, no. 11 , pp. 1243-1248 , doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.06.018.

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Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate cross-lagged associations in motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness and accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) engagement. Design: One-year prospective follow-up study. Method: A sample was 491 (275 girls; M at baseline = 11.27, SD = .32) Finnish physical education students. Students’ motor competence was assessed by 1) two-legged jumping from side to side test, 2) throwing-catching combination test and 3) 5-leaps test. Their cardiorespiratory fitness was analyzed by a 20-meter shuttle run test and muscular fitness by curl-up and push-up tests. Additionally, students’ MVPA was measured objectively by hip-worn accelerometers. Results: Results demonstrated that: 1) cardiorespiratory fitness measured at Grade 5 was the only significant predictor of later MVPA and this association appeared only in the boys’ group, 2) MVPA assessed at Grade 5 significantly predicted cardiorespiratory fitness in the girls’ group, 3) cardiorespiratory fitness collected at Grade 5 associated with muscular fitness, locomotor and stability skills in both girls and boys, and 4) locomotor skills measured at Grade 5 predicted significantly muscular fitness, locomotor and manipulative skills in both sex groups. Conclusions: Elementary school years are important in providing students with experiences in physical activity (PA) which leads to improvements s in cardiorespiratory health. Additionally, this 25 study showed that cardiorespiratory fitness collected at Grade 5 associated with later muscular fitness, and locomotor and stability skills in both sex groups. These findings are noteworthy because muscular fitness in youth has several health-related benefits and motor competence in childhood and adolescence has positive association with later PA engagement.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Jaakkola, T and Yli-Piipari, S and Huhtiniemi, M and Salin, K and Seppala, S and Hakonen, H and Grasten, A
Keywords: motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, physical activity
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Publisher: Elsevier Australia
ISSN: 1440-2440
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.06.018
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Sports Medicine Australia

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