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Adiposity associated DNA methylation signatures in adolescents are related to leptin and perinatal factors

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Huang, RC, Melton, PE ORCID: 0000-0003-4026-2964, Burton, MA, Beilin, LJ, Clarke-Harris, R, Cook, E, Godfrey, KM, Burdge, E, Mori, TA, Anderson, D, Rauschert, S, Craig, JM, Kobor, MS, MacIsaac, JL, Morin, AM, Oddy, WH ORCID: 0000-0002-6119-7017, Pennell, CE, Holbrook, JD and Lillycrop, KA 2021 , 'Adiposity associated DNA methylation signatures in adolescents are related to leptin and perinatal factors' , Epigenetics , pp. 1-18 , doi: 10.1080/15592294.2021.1876297.

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Abstract

Epigenetics links perinatal influences with later obesity. We identifed differentially methylatedCpG (dmCpG) loci measured at 17 years associated with concurrent adiposity measures andexamined whether these were associated with hsCRP, adipokines, and early life environmentalfactors. Genome-wide DNA methylation from 1192 Raine Study participants at 17 years, identified29 dmCpGs (Bonferroni corrected p RAPH1), Musashi RNA-Binding Protein 2 (MSI2),and solute carrier family 25 member 10 (SLC25A10) are associated with both BMI and WC.Validation by pyrosequencing confirmed these associations and showed that MSI2 , SLC25A10 ,and RAPH1 methylation was positively associated with serum leptin. These were also associatedwith the early environment; MSI2 methylation (β = 0.81, p = 0.0004) was associated withpregnancy maternal smoking, SLC25A10 (CpG2 β = 0.12, p = 0.002) with pre- and early pregnancyBMI, and RAPH1 (β = −1.49, p = 0.036) with gestational weight gain. Adjusting for perinatal factors,methylation of the dmCpGs within MSI2, RAPH1, and SLC25A10 independently predicted BMI,accounting for 24% of variance. MSI2 methylation was additionally associated with BMI over time(17 years old β = 0.026, p = 0.0025; 20 years old β = 0.027, p = 0.0029) and between generations(mother β = 0.044, p = 7.5e-04). Overall findings suggest that DNA methylation in MSI2, RAPH1,and SLC25A10 in blood may be robust markers, mediating through early life factors.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Huang, RC and Melton, PE and Burton, MA and Beilin, LJ and Clarke-Harris, R and Cook, E and Godfrey, KM and Burdge, E and Mori, TA and Anderson, D and Rauschert, S and Craig, JM and Kobor, MS and MacIsaac, JL and Morin, AM and Oddy, WH and Pennell, CE and Holbrook, JD and Lillycrop, KA
Keywords: DNA methylation, adiposity, adolescence, body composition, body mass index, epigenetic variation, high-sensitivity C-reactive Protein, inflammation, leptin
Journal or Publication Title: Epigenetics
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1559-2294
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/15592294.2021.1876297
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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