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Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities

McGowan, CJ ORCID: 0000-0001-6974-8007, Pyne, DB, Thompson, KG, Raglin, JS, Osborne, M and Rattray, B 2017 , 'Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities' , Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 35, no. 15 , pp. 1493-1499 , doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1223329.

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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of completing additional warm-up strategies in the transition phasebetween the pool warm up and the start of a race on elite sprint swimming performance. Twenty-fiveelite swimmers (12 men, 20 ± 3 years; 13 women, 20 ± 2 years, performance standard ~807 FINA2014points) completed a standardised pool warm up followed by a 30-min transition phase and a 100-mfreestyle time trial. During the transition phase, swimmers wore a tracksuit jacket with integratedheating elements and performed a dry land-based exercise routine (Combo), or a conventional tracksuitand remained seated (Control). Start (1.5% ± 1.0%, P = 0.02; mean ± 90% confidence limits) and 100-mtime trial (0.8% ± 0.4%, P < 0.01) performances were improved in Combo. Core temperature declinedless (−0.2°C ± 0.1°C versus −0.5°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) during the transition phase and total local(trapezius) haemoglobin concentration was greater before the time trial in Combo (81 µM ± 25 µMversus 30 µM ± 18 µM, P < 0.01; mean ± standard deviation) than in Control. Combining swimmerstraditional pool warm up with passive heating via heated jackets and completion of dry land-basedexercises in the transition phase improves elite sprint swimming performance by ~0.8%.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:McGowan, CJ and Pyne, DB and Thompson, KG and Raglin, JS and Osborne, M and Rattray, B
Keywords: passive heat maintenance, freestyle performance, tissue oxygenation, elite swimming
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Sports Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
ISSN: 0264-0414
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1223329
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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