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Sulfide breccias from the Semenov-3 hydrothermal field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Authigenic mineral formation and trace element pattern

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Melekestseva, I, Maslennikov, VV, Safina, NP, Nimis, P, Maslennikova, S, Beltenev, V, Rozhdestvenskaya, I, Danyushevsky, L ORCID: 0000-0003-4050-6850, Large, R, Artemyev, D, Kotlyarov, V and Toffolo, L 2018 , 'Sulfide breccias from the Semenov-3 hydrothermal field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Authigenic mineral formation and trace element pattern' , Minerals, vol. 8, no. 8 , pp. 1-29 , doi: 10.3390/min8080321.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is the investigation of the role of diagenesis in the transformation of clastic sulfide sediments such as sulfide breccias from the Semenov-3 hydrothermal field (Mid-Atlantic Ridge). The breccias are composed of marcasite–pyrite clasts enclosed in a barite–sulfide–quartz matrix. Primary hydrothermal sulfides occur as colloform, fine-crystalline, porous and radial marcasite–pyrite clasts with inclusions or individual clasts of chalcopyrite, sphalerite, pyrrhotite, bornite, barite and rock-forming minerals. Diagenetic processes are responsible for the formation of more diverse authigenic mineralization including framboidal, ovoidal and nodular pyrite, coarse-crystalline pyrite and marcasite, anhedral and reniform chalcopyrite, inclusions of HgS phase and pyrrhotite–sphalerite–chalcopyrite aggregates in coarse-crystalline pyrite, zoned bornite–chalcopyrite grains, specular and globular hematite, tabular barite and quartz. The early diagenetic ovoid pyrite is enriched in most trace elements in contrast to late diagenetic varieties. Authigenic lower-temperature chalcopyrite is depleted in trace elements relative to high-temperature hydrothermal ones. Trace elements have different modes of occurrence: Se is hosted in pyrite and chalcopyrite; Tl is related to sphalerite and galena nanoinclusions; Au is associated with galena; As in pyrite is lattice-bound, whereas in chalcopyrite it is related to tetrahedrite–tennantite nanoinclusions; Cd in pyrite is hosted in sphalerite inclusions; Cd in chalcopyrite forms its own mineral; Co and Ni are hosted in chalcopyrite.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Melekestseva, I and Maslennikov, VV and Safina, NP and Nimis, P and Maslennikova, S and Beltenev, V and Rozhdestvenskaya, I and Danyushevsky, L and Large, R and Artemyev, D and Kotlyarov, V and Toffolo, L
Keywords: authigenesis, diagenesis, LA-ICP-MS, sulfide hydrothermal fields, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, sulfide breccias, trace elements
Journal or Publication Title: Minerals
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2075-163X
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/min8080321
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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