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Revisiting carbon flux through the ccean's twilight zone

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Buesseler, KO and Elskens, M and Honda, M and Karl, DM and Siegel, DA and Silver, MW and Steinberg, DK and Valdes, J and Van Mooy, B and Wilson, S and Lamborg, CH and Boyd, PW and Lam, PJ and Trull, TW and Bridigare, RR and Bishop, JKB and Casciotti, KL and Dehairs, F (2007) Revisiting carbon flux through the ccean's twilight zone. Science, 316 (5824). pp. 567-570. ISSN 0036-8075

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Abstract

The oceanic biological pump drives sequestration of carbon dioxide in the deep sea via sinking particles. Rapid biological consumption and remineralization of carbon in the "twilight zone" (depths between the euphotic zone and 1000 meters) reduce the efficiency of sequestration. By using neutrally buoyant sediment traps to sample this chronically understudied realm, we measured a transfer efficiency of sinking particulate organic carbon between 150 and 500 meters of 20 and 50% at two contrasting sites. This large variability in transfer efficiency is poorly represented in biogeochemical models. If applied globally, this is equivalent to a difference in carbon sequestration of more than 3 petagrams of carbon per year.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Science
Publisher: American Association Advancement Science
Page Range: pp. 567-570
ISSN: 0036-8075
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1126/science.1137959
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2008 14:02
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:32
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