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Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at four years of age: a comparison study

Lynn, LN, Cuskelly, M ORCID: 0000-0001-9986-9985 and Gray, PH 2020 , 'Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at four years of age: a comparison study' , Early Education and Development , doi: 10.1080/10409289.2020.1810502.

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Research Findings: This study examined performance on self-regulatory tasks,in addition to individual characteristics including cognitive ability, receptiveand expressive language skills, planning, and behaviour as contributingfactors to early learning difficulties. Twenty-nine children born with ELBWand 30 comparison children at four years of age completed self-regulatorytasks. Results indicated no differences between groups for the Gift task;however, comparison children performed better on the Delay ofGratification task than children with ELBW. Although similar numbers fromboth groups violated the delay protocol, comparison children were morelikely to wait for the researcher to return and children with ELBW were morelikely to recall the researcher for an immediate, lesser reward. Cognitiveability, language abilities and planning were correlated with Delay ofGratification. Group membership was the best predictor of performance onthe Delay of Gratification task; however, maternal education, cognitive abilityand expressive language were also significant predictors of Delay ofGratification. Practice or Policy: It is considered that the small sample sizeand exclusion of children with significant neurodevelopmental disabilitiesmay have contributed to better performance on the self-regulatory measuresin this study.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Lynn, LN and Cuskelly, M and Gray, PH
Keywords: prematurity, LBW, VLBW, self-regulation, delay of gratification
Journal or Publication Title: Early Education and Development
Publisher: Routledge
ISSN: 1040-9289
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/10409289.2020.1810502
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

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