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Respiratory characteristics of the tammar wallaby pouch young and functional limitations in a newborn with skin gas exchange

MacFarlane, PM, Frappell, PB and Haase, T 2021 , 'Respiratory characteristics of the tammar wallaby pouch young and functional limitations in a newborn with skin gas exchange' , Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology , pp. 1-12 , doi: 10.1007/s00360-021-01364-y.

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Abstract

A short gestation, low birth weight and presence of cutaneous exchange of O2 and CO2 comprise altricial features of newborn marsupials and that collectively implies a highly immature respiratory system. In the present study, we investigated various respiratory characteristics of the neonatal/postnatal tammar wallaby, a species of marsupial in which > 30% of the newborn’s total O2 demands are supported by cutaneous rather than pulmonary gas exchange. The ventilatory response (HVR) to acute hypoxia (10% inspired O2) was absent in the newborn (1 day old) pouch young; a hypoxic hypometabolism contributed entirely to the hyperventilation (increased pulmonary convection requirement). A high (compared to older animals) resting metabolic cost to breathe and an inefficient respiratory system suggest the lack of a HVR might be due to an energetic constraint that impinges on their ability to sustain an increase in ventilation. The latter was supported by the inability of the newborn to tolerate metabolic-ventilatory stimulation following administration of the metabolic uncoupler, 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP). At 1 week of age, the cost of breathing was reduced, which coincided with the expression of a significant ventilatory response to hypoxia, a more energetically efficient respiratory system, and tolerance to 2,4-DNP. These data suggest this species of marsupial is born with major respiratory insufficiency, and that their pronounced dependence on the skin for metabolic gas exchange is of critical importance for survival.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:MacFarlane, PM and Frappell, PB and Haase, T
Keywords: metabolism, ventilation, breathing, hypoxia, newborn, marsupial
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISSN: 0174-1578
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s00360-021-01364-y
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021

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