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“It was like nobody cared about what I said?” Iranian women committed self-immolation: a qualitative study


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Aghakhani, N, Lopez, V, Parizad, N and Baghaei, R 2021 , '“It was like nobody cared about what I said?” Iranian women committed self-immolation: a qualitative study' , BMC Women's Health, vol. 21 , pp. 1-7 , doi: 10.1186/s12905-021-01221-8.

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Background: Suicide-attempts have increased across the world and have become higher among females. There hasbeen a high prevalence of self-immolation in Iran, mostly young married women admitted to the burn centers. Thisstudy aimed to explore the factors and experiences of self-immolation in Iranian married women to develop prevention strategies to prevent the personal, social, and economic impacts of suicide and suicide attempts.Methods: A qualitative descriptive approach using open-ended, in-depth, face-to-face interviews was conducted ina purposive sample of 16 married Iranian women aged 16–40 years in the burn centers in Urmia city, a place in northwest Iran. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze the data.Results: Three themes emerged from the data, including (1) antecedents of self-immolation, (2) suicidal ideationmethod, and (3) pathway to recovery. Each of these themes is supported by sub-themes.Conclusions: The study highlights the demand for health professionals to support self-immolation survivors tocontinue their normal lives. According to survivors’ needs, a comprehensive supportive program is recommended tosupport their pathways to recovery in all its complexities. Health professionals should also not forget that the survivors’ family also will need help to overcome this trauma. A family counseling program may also be provided.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Aghakhani, N and Lopez, V and Parizad, N and Baghaei, R
Keywords: Iran, qualitative, self-immolation, survivors, women
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Women's Health
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN: 1472-6874
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s12905-021-01221-8
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, ( which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

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