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New trends in pharmacological treatments for osteoarthritis


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Cai, X, Yuan, S, Zeng, Y, Wang, Cuicui, Yu, N and Ding, C ORCID: 0000-0002-9479-730X 2021 , 'New trends in pharmacological treatments for osteoarthritis' , Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 12 , pp. 1-16 , doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.645842.

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading cause of function loss and disability among the elderly, with significant burden on the individual and society. It is a severe disease for its high disability rates, morbidity, costs, and increased mortality. Multifactorial etiologies contribute to the occurrence and development of OA. The heterogeneous condition poses a challenge for the development of effective treatment for OA; however, emerging treatments are promising to bring benefits for OA management in the future. This narrative review will discuss recent developments of agents for the treatment of OA, including potential disease-modifying osteoarthritis drugs (DMOADs) and novel therapeutics for pain relief. This review will focus more on drugs that have been in clinical trials, as well as attractive drugs with potential applications in preclinical research. In the past few years, it has been realized that a complex interaction of multifactorial mechanisms is involved in the pathophysiology of OA. The authors believe there is no miracle therapeutic strategy fitting for all patients. OA phenotyping would be helpful for therapy selection. A variety of potential therapeutics targeting inflammation mechanisms, cellular senescence, cartilage metabolism, subchondral bone remodeling, and the peripheral nociceptive pathways are expected to reshape the landscape of OA treatment over the next few years. Precise randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are expected to identify the safety and efficacy of novel therapies targeting specific mechanisms in OA patients with specific phenotypes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Cai, X and Yuan, S and Zeng, Y and Wang, Cuicui and Yu, N and Ding, C
Keywords: DMOADs, clinical prospect, novel therapeutics, osteoarthritis, therapy selection
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1663-9812
DOI / ID Number: 10.3389/fphar.2021.645842
Copyright Information:

Copyright © 2021 Cai, Yuan, Zeng, Wang, Yu and Ding. Copyright © 2021 Cai, Yuan, Zeng, Wang, Yu and Ding.

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