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The severity and extent of the Australia 2019-20 Eucalyptus forest fires are not the legacy of forest management

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Gibson, RK, Bradstock, RA and Keenan, RJ 2021 , 'The severity and extent of the Australia 2019-20 Eucalyptus forest fires are not the legacy of forest management' , Nature Ecology & Evolution , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.1038/s41559-021-01464-6.

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Abstract

The 2019-20 wildfires in eastern Australia presented a globally important opportunity to evaluate the respective roles of climatic drivers and natural and anthropogenic disturbances in causing high-severity fires. Here, we show the overwhelming dominance of fire weather in causing complete scorch or consumption of forest canopies in natural and plantation forests in three regions across the geographic range of these fires. Sampling 32% (2.35 Mha) of the area burnt we found that >44% of the native forests suffered severe canopy damage. Past logging and wildfire disturbance in natural forests had a very low effect on severe canopy damage, reflecting the limited extent logged in the last 25 years (4.5% in eastern Victoria, 5.3% in southern New South Wales (NSW) and 7.8% in northern NSW). The most important variables determining severe canopy damage were broad spatial factors (mostly topographic) followed by fire weather. Timber plantations affected by fire were concentrated in NSW and 26% were burnt by the fires and >70% of the NSW plantations suffered severe canopy damage showing that this intensive means of wood production is extremely vulnerable to wildfire. The massive geographic scale and severity of these Australian fires is best explained by extrinsic factors: an historically anomalous drought coupled with strong, hot dry westerly winds that caused uninterrupted, and often dangerous, fire weather over the entire fire season.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Bowman, DMJS and Williamson, GJ and Gibson, RK and Bradstock, RA and Keenan, RJ
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Ecology & Evolution
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2397-334X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41559-021-01464-6
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2021

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