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Sugar sweetened beverages and increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Indigenous community of Australia

Pan, F ORCID: 0000-0002-3403-0094, Owen, N and Oddy, WH ORCID: 0000-0002-6119-7017 2021 , 'Sugar sweetened beverages and increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Indigenous community of Australia' , Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases , doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2021.06.014.

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Abstract

Aims:The aim of this viewpoint was to discuss a profound health gap in type 2 diabetes that exists between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.Data Synthesis:In Australia, type 2 diabetes is ranked as the fastest growing chronic condition, with the rates of type 2 diabetes higher among Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians. Improvements to diet could aid in reducing overweight and obesity in the Indigenous community, with sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) examples of discretionary foods that contain a high amount of sugar. The marked increase in type 2 diabetes, obesity and consumption of SSBs in the Indigenous community may suggest that type 2 diabetes may result from weight gain caused by SSB consumption. Recent evidence suggests that higher consumption of SSBs was associated with greater incidence of type 2 diabetes independent of adiposity. Some determinants influencing increased SSBs consumption in the Indigenous population include advertising, marketing, availability and affordability.Conclusions:The prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes continue to be higher among Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians and overall, a link between SSBs and risk of type 2 diabetes is reported. Three solutions to high SSBs consumption in Indigenous communities include increased availability, affordability, and accessibility of healthy food and drink, engagement of Indigenous people in offering solutions including discussion of a sugar tax on SSBs framed with Indigenous input, and the provision of clean community water supply and water bubblers.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pan, F and Owen, N and Oddy, WH
Keywords: Indigenous people, mechanisms, risk factor, sugar sweetened beverages, type 2 diabetes
Journal or Publication Title: Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases
Publisher: Medikal Press S R L
ISSN: 0939-4753
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.numecd.2021.06.014
Copyright Information:

© 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University.

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