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The role of nutritional factors during adolescence in multiple sclerosis onset: a population-based incident case-control study

Abdollahpour, I, Sormani, MP, Nedjat, S, Mansournia, MA and van der Mei, I ORCID: 0000-0001-9009-7472 2021 , 'The role of nutritional factors during adolescence in multiple sclerosis onset: a population-based incident case-control study' , Nutritional Neuroscience, vol. 24, no. 7 , pp. 500-507 , doi: 10.1080/1028415X.2019.1647689.

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Abstract

Objective: The potential role of nutritional factors in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology is not clearly understood. The authors investigated the association between dietary intake during adolescence with MS.Design, setting and participants: This was a population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to test differences in dietary intake between cases and controls adjusted for confounders.Results: We found that a higher dietary consumption during adolescence of fresh fish, canned tuna, poultry, cheese, yogurt, butter, fruit, vegetables and a number of dietary supplements were associated with a significantly reduced risk of MS, while red meat, shrimp, and margarine were not associated with MS. Fresh fish had a dose-response association of 0.71 (0.58-0.88) per category increase, and consuming >0.5 serves of canned tuna fish per week had an OR of 0.72 (0.56-0.90); fruit intake had an OR of 0.82 (0.71-0.94) per category increase and cheese consumption an OR of 0.78 (0.67-0.91) per category increase.Conclusions: We identified that a higher intake of a number of food groups generally viewed as healthy were associated with a reduced risk of MS. A healthier diet during adolescence may be protective of developing MS.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Abdollahpour, I and Sormani, MP and Nedjat, S and Mansournia, MA and van der Mei, I
Keywords: multiple sclerosis, adolescence, nutritional factors, population-based incident case–control
Journal or Publication Title: Nutritional Neuroscience
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
ISSN: 1028-415X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/1028415X.2019.1647689
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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