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Has the open door become a revolving door? The impact on attrition of moving from elite to mass higher education

Kember, D ORCID: 0000-0002-4780-6533, Leung, D and Prosser, M ORCID: 0000-0002-4974-7776 2019 , 'Has the open door become a revolving door? The impact on attrition of moving from elite to mass higher education' , Studies in Higher Education, vol. 46, no. 2 , pp. 258-269 , doi: 10.1080/03075079.2019.1629411.

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Abstract

As higher education has made the transition from elite to mass enrolments,the student body has become more diverse and online and blendedlearning have become more common. This study aimed to examine theimpacts on attrition of admitting a more diverse student body with theshift towards online and blended learning. A hypothesised path modelof attrition was tested with structural equation modelling. The modelcontained four presage variables related to the changed demographic ofthe student body and alternative modes of study; attendance mode,admission basis, remoteness and socio-economics status. There were twointervening variables; age and year of study. The two outcome variableswere dropout and GPA value. The model was tested against a largesample of data from a student record system of a regional Australianuniversity. The model showed a good fit to the data predicting that theexpansion of higher education, along with the increasing use of onlineand blended learning, will impact on attrition.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Kember, D and Leung, D and Prosser, M
Keywords: attrition, online learning, model, structural equation modelling, path model, mass higher education
Journal or Publication Title: Studies in Higher Education
Publisher: Routledge
ISSN: 0307-5079
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/03075079.2019.1629411
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Society for Research into Higher Education

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