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Greener, faster, stronger: The benefits of deep eutectic solvents in polymer and materials science

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Nahar, Y and Thickett, SC ORCID: 0000-0002-8168-3856 2021 , 'Greener, faster, stronger: The benefits of deep eutectic solvents in polymer and materials science' , Polymers, vol. 13, no. 3 , pp. 1-24 , doi: 10.3390/polym13030447.

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Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) represent an emergent class of green designer solvents that find numerous applications in different aspects of chemical synthesis. A particularly appealing aspect of DES systems is their simplicity of preparation, combined with inexpensive, readily available starting materials to yield solvents with appealing properties (negligible volatility, non-flammability and high solvation capacity). In the context of polymer science, DES systems not only offer an appealing route towards replacing hazardous volatile organic solvents (VOCs), but can serve multiple roles including those of solvent, monomer and templating agent - so called “polymerizable eutectics.” In this review, we look at DES systems and polymerizable eutectics and their application in polymer materials synthesis, including various mechanisms of polymer formation, hydrogel design, porous monoliths, and molecularly imprinted polymers. We provide a comparative study of these systems alongside traditional synthetic approaches, highlighting not only the benefit of replacing VOCs from the perspective of environmental sustainability, but also the materials advantage with respect to mechanical and thermal properties of the polymers formed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Nahar, Y and Thickett, SC
Keywords: deep eutectic solvents, green chemistry, polymer chemistry, monoliths, hydrogels, polycondensation, molecularly imprinted polymers, electrochemical polymerization, polymer monoliths, polymer synthesis
Journal or Publication Title: Polymers
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2073-4360
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/polym13030447
Copyright Information:

Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

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