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Enhanced monitoring of life in the sea is a critical component of conservation management and sustainable economic growth


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Estes Jr, M, Anderson, C, Appeltans, W, Bax, N, Bednarsek, N, Canonico, G, Djavidnia, S, Escobar, E, Fietzek, P, Gregoire, M, Hazen, E, Kavanaugh, M, Lejzerowicz, F, Lombard, F, Miloslavich, P, Moller, KO, Monk, J ORCID: 0000-0002-1874-0619, Montes, E, Moustahfid, H, Muelbert, MMC, Muller-Karger, F, Peavey Reeves, LE, Satterthwaite, EV, Schmidt, JO, Sequeira, AMM, Turner, W and Weatherdon, LV 2021 , 'Enhanced monitoring of life in the sea is a critical component of conservation management and sustainable economic growth' , Marine Policy, vol. 132 , pp. 1-14 , doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104699.

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Marine biodiversity is a fundamental characteristic of our planet that depends on and influences climate, water quality, and many ocean state variables. It is also at the core of ecosystem services that can make or break economic development in any region. Our purpose is to highlight the need for marine biological observations to inform science and conservation management and to support the blue economy. We provide ten recommendations, applicable now, to measure and forecast biological Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) as part of economic monitoring efforts. The UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021–2030) provides a timely opportunity to implement these recommendations to benefit humanity and enable the USD 3 trillion global ocean economy expected by 2030.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Estes Jr, M and Anderson, C and Appeltans, W and Bax, N and Bednarsek, N and Canonico, G and Djavidnia, S and Escobar, E and Fietzek, P and Gregoire, M and Hazen, E and Kavanaugh, M and Lejzerowicz, F and Lombard, F and Miloslavich, P and Moller, KO and Monk, J and Montes, E and Moustahfid, H and Muelbert, MMC and Muller-Karger, F and Peavey Reeves, LE and Satterthwaite, EV and Schmidt, JO and Sequeira, AMM and Turner, W and Weatherdon, LV
Keywords: monitoring marine life, economic growth, ocean decade, biodiversity, essential ocean variables, marine biological data, sustainable, blue economy, ecological forecasting
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Policy
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
ISSN: 0308-597X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104699
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© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license, (

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