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Exercise blood pressure and cardiac structure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies

Moore, MN, Climie, RE, Otahal, P ORCID: 0000-0003-4042-1769, Sharman, JE ORCID: 0000-0003-2792-0811 and Schultz, MG ORCID: 0000-0003-3458-1811 2021 , 'Exercise blood pressure and cardiac structure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies' , Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport , pp. 1-6 , doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.02.014.

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Abstract

Objectives:A hypertensive response to exercise (HRE) is associated with cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure (BP). Sub-clinical changes to cardiac structure may underlie these associations, although this has not been systematically determined. Via systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to (1) assess the relationship between exercise BP and cardiac structure, and (2) determine if cardiac structure is altered in those with an HRE, across various study populations (including those with/without high BP at rest).Design and methods:Three online databases were searched for cross-sectional studies reporting exercise BP, HRE and cardiac structural variables. Random-effects meta-analyses and meta-regressions were used to calculate pooled correlations between exercise BP and cardiac structure, and pooled mean differences and relative risk between those with/without an HRE.Results:Forty-nine studies, (n = 23,707 total; aged 44 ± 4 years; 63% male) were included. Exercise systolic BP was associated with increased left ventricular (LV) mass, LV mass index, relative wall thickness, posterior wall thickness and interventricular septal thickness (p Conclusions:Exercise systolic BP is associated with cardiac structure, and those with an HRE show evidence towards adverse remodelling. Results were similar across different study populations, highlighting the hypertension-related cardiovascular risk associated with an HRE.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Moore, MN and Climie, RE and Otahal, P and Sharman, JE and Schultz, MG
Keywords: exercise, blood pressure, hypertension, public health
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Publisher: Sports Medicine Australia
ISSN: 1440-2440
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.02.014
Copyright Information:

© 2021 Sports Medicine Australia

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