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Drug resistance patterns of Escherichia coli in Ethiopia: A meta-analysis

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Tuem, KB, Gebre, AK, Atey, TM, Bitew, H, Yimer, EM and Berhe, DF 2018 , 'Drug resistance patterns of Escherichia coli in Ethiopia: A meta-analysis' , BioMed Research International , pp. 1-13 , doi: 10.1155/2018/4536905.

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Abstract

Background: Antimicrobial drug resistance is a global threat for treatment of infectious diseases and costs life and money and threatens health delivery system's effectiveness. The resistance of E. coli to frequently utilized antimicrobial drugs is becoming a major challenge in Ethiopia. However, there is no inclusive countrywide study. Therefore, this study intended to assess the prevalence of E. coli resistance and antimicrobial-specific resistance pattern among E. coli clinical isolates in Ethiopia.Methods: Articles were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and grey literature from 2007 to 2017. The main outcome measures were overall E. coli and drug-specific resistance patterns. A random-effects model was used to determine pooled prevalence with 95% confidence interval (CI), using DerSimonian and Laird method. In addition, subgroup analysis was conducted to improve the outcome. The study bias was assessed by Begg's funnel plot. This study was registered in PROSPERO as follows: PROSPERO 2017: CRD42017070106.Results: Of 164 articles retrieved, 35 articles were included. A total of 19,235 study samples participated in the studies and 2,635 E. coli strains were isolated. Overall, E. coli antibacterial resistance was 45.38% (95% confidence interval (CI): 33.50 to 57.27). The resistance pattern ranges from 62.55% in Addis Ababa to 27.51% in Tigray region. The highest resistance of E. coli reported was to ampicillin (83.81%) and amoxicillin (75.79%), whereas only 13.55% of E. coli isolates showed resistance to nitrofurantoin.Conclusion: E. coli antimicrobial resistance remains high with disparities observed among regions. The bacterium was found to be highly resistant to aminopenicillins. The finding implies the need for effective prevention strategies for the E. coli drug resistance and calls for multifaceted approaches with full involvement of all stakeholders.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Tuem, KB and Gebre, AK and Atey, TM and Bitew, H and Yimer, EM and Berhe, DF
Keywords: pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, pharmacy practice
Journal or Publication Title: BioMed Research International
Publisher: Hindawi Pub. Co.
ISSN: 2314-6141
DOI / ID Number: 10.1155/2018/4536905
Copyright Information:

Copyright © 2018 Kald Beshir Tuem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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