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Factors affecting the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices: Findings from panel data for Vietnam

Pham, H-G, Chuah, S-H ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-1340 and Feeny, S 2021 , 'Factors affecting the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices: Findings from panel data for Vietnam' , Ecological Economics, vol. 184 , pp. 1-13 , doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107000.

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Conventional farming and climate change are placing considerable stress on agricultural systems around theworld, leading to increased hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity, particularly in developing countries.Sustainable Agricultural Practices (SAPs) can help raise productivity and agricultural incomes while minimisingnegative environmental impacts. While recognising that sustainability is a contested term, we identify agricultural practices that are generally viewed as sustainable as they minimise impacts on the environment. Despite thebenefits of SAPs, adoption rates are still low in developing countries. While previous studies have examined thefactors affecting SAP adoption, most have not accounted for issues of heterogeneity and endogeneity inherent insuch analysis. In this paper, we address this by employing a random-effects probit model with the Mundlakapproach and fixed-effects linear probability models to control for farmer- and plot-level heterogeneities and toavoid the incidental parameters problem. We analyse panel data from Vietnam for approximately 14,000 plotsover the period 2008–2016 to identify the factors behind SAP adoption. Overall, we find that improvedknowledge transferred by extension agents and learning from peers significantly influence adoption. Farmers’knowledge of their land and soil quality are also important factors. We recommend enhancing cooperationbetween extension agents, farmer groups and peers in order to encourage SAP adoption.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pham, H-G and Chuah, S-H and Feeny, S
Keywords: sustainable agricultural practices, smallholder agriculture, probit model with the Mundlak approach, Vietnam
Journal or Publication Title: Ecological Economics
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0921-8009
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107000
Copyright Information:

© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

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