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Two Truths in Buddhism

Thakchoe, S ORCID: 0000-0001-9611-1247 2021 , 'Two Truths in Buddhism', in The Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Religion , Wiley, USA.

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The Buddhist idea of two “truths” (Pāli: sacca; Sanskrit: satya) refers to the idea that there is a “conventional” (Pāli: sammuti; Sanskrit: saṃvṛti) truth that must be distinguished from the “ultimate” (Pāli: paramattha; Sanskrit: paramārtha) truth. The two truths distinction may have emerged initially as a hermeneutic device which later interpreters employed to reconcile apparent inconsistencies among statements in the Buddhist scriptures. The two truths doctrine nevertheless came to hold a central philosophical position in Buddhist semantics, ontology, epistemology, and soteriology in the majority of philosophical schools including Theravāda, Vaibhāṣika, Sautrāntika, and Madhyamaka.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Thakchoe, S
Keywords: two truths, ultimate truth, conventional truth, conventional reality, ultimate reality
Publisher: Wiley
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/9781119009924.eopr0396
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