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Eating disorder symptoms among adolescent boys and girls in Iran

Sahlan, RN, Saunders, JF, Mond, JM ORCID: 0000-0002-0410-091X and Fitzsimmons-Craft, EE 2021 , 'Eating disorder symptoms among adolescent boys and girls in Iran' , International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 54, no. 1 , pp. 19-23 , doi: 10.1002/eat.23420.

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Objective: Few studies of eating disorder (ED) symptoms among young people inIran have been conducted. This cross-sectional study examined ED symptoms,assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q).Method: Adolescent boys (n = 498) and girls (n = 607) aged 12–19 years, recruitedfrom schools in four different regions of Iran, completed a survey that included theEDE-Q. ED symptoms, namely, EDE-Q global scores and the occurrence of specificED behaviors, were compared between boys and girls.Results: Girls had higher global scores and were more likely to report regular extremedietary restriction than boys (16.6 vs. 12.0%). The effect sizes for these differenceswere small. The regular occurrence of other behaviors (girls vs. boys—binge eating:21.1 vs. 18.8%; self-induced vomiting: 3.3 vs. 5.4%; laxative misuse: 6.1 vs. 7.6%;excessive exercise: 5.3 vs. 4.4%) did not significantly differ by gender. Twelve percent of boys and 12.9% of girls met criteria for an operational definition of “probableED case.”Conclusion: ED symptoms appear to be relatively common among Iranian adolescentboys and girls. Programs designed to reduce the occurrence and adverse impact ofthese symptoms may therefore be increasingly important.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Sahlan, RN and Saunders, JF and Mond, JM and Fitzsimmons-Craft, EE
Keywords: adolescents, eating disorder symptoms, EDE-Q, gender differences, Iran
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISSN: 0276-3478
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/eat.23420
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© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC

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