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Prevalence of muscle dysmorphia in adolescents: Findings from the EveryBODY study

Mitchison, D, Mond, J ORCID: 0000-0002-0410-091X, Griffiths, S, Hay, P, Nagata, JM, Bussey, K, Trompeter, N, Lonergan, A and Murray, SB 2021 , 'Prevalence of muscle dysmorphia in adolescents: Findings from the EveryBODY study' , Psychological Medicine , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1017/S0033291720005206.

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Abstract

Background: We sought to provide the first point prevalence estimates of muscle dysmorphia (MD), a form of body dysmorphic disorder characterized by a preoccupation with perceived insufficient muscularity, in adolescents.Methods: Data were taken from a survey of 3618 Australian adolescents (11.172-19.76 years; 49.3% girls). Measures captured demographic characteristics, symptoms of MD and eating disorders, psychological distress and functional impairment. Diagnostic criteria for MD developed by Pope et al. (1997, Psychosomatics, 38(6), 548-557) were applied, entailing preoccupation with insufficient muscularity causing significant levels of distress or disability that cannot be better accounted for by an eating disorder.Results: The point prevalence of MD was 2.2% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6-3.0%] among boys and 1.4% (95% CI 0.9-2.0%) among girls. Prevalence was not associated with gender (V = 0.031) or socioeconomic status (SES) (partial η2Conclusions: While future epidemiological research using diagnostic interviews is needed to verify these estimates, the findings suggest that MD is relatively common from early to late adolescence. Gender differences in MD prevalence may be minimal; however, the symptom profile appears to diverge between boys and girls. These findings provide a platform for future, analytical research designed to inform clinical and public health interventions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Mitchison, D and Mond, J and Griffiths, S and Hay, P and Nagata, JM and Bussey, K and Trompeter, N and Lonergan, A and Murray, SB
Keywords: adolescence, body image, eating disorder, epidemiology, gender, muscle dysmorphia
Journal or Publication Title: Psychological Medicine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0033-2917
DOI / ID Number: 10.1017/S0033291720005206
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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