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Determinants of infant adiposity across the first 6 months of life: Evidence from the Baby-bod study

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Herath, MP, Ahuja, KDK ORCID: 0000-0002-0323-4692, Beckett, JM ORCID: 0000-0002-2911-0313, Jayasinghe, S ORCID: 0000-0001-8805-385X, Byrne, NM ORCID: 0000-0001-5310-6640 and Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 2021 , 'Determinants of infant adiposity across the first 6 months of life: Evidence from the Baby-bod study' , Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol. 10, no. 8 , pp. 1-14 , doi: 10.3390/jcm10081770.

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Abstract

Excess adiposity in infancy may predispose individuals to obesity later in life. The literatureon determinants of adiposity in infants is equivocal. In this longitudinal cohort study, we investigatedpre-pregnancy, prenatal and postnatal determinants of different adiposity indices in infants, i.e.,fat mass (FM), percent FM (%FM), fat mass index (FMI) and log-log index (FM/FFMp), from birthto 6 months, using linear mixed-effects regression. Body composition was measured in 322, 174and 109 infants at birth and 3 and 6 months afterwards, respectively, utilising air displacementplethysmography. Positive associations were observed between gestation length and infant FM,maternal self-reported pre-pregnancy body mass index and infant %FM, and parity and infant%FM and FMI at birth. Surprisingly, maternal intake of iron supplements during pregnancy wasassociated with infant FM, %FM and FMI at 3 months and FM/FFMp at 6 months. Male infant sexand formula feeding were negatively associated with all adiposity indices at 6 months. In conclusion,pre-pregnancy and pregnancy factors influence adiposity during early life, and any unfavourableimpacts may be modulated postnatally via infant feeding practices. Moreover, as these associationsare dependent on the adiposity indices used, it is crucial that researchers use conceptually andstatistically robust approaches such as FM/FFMp.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Herath, MP and Ahuja, KDK and Beckett, JM and Jayasinghe, S and Byrne, NM and Hills, AP
Keywords: pre-pregnancy factors, prenatal factors, postnatal factors, infants, fat, adiposity, programming
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2077-0383
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/jcm10081770
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 the authors.Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.This article is an open access articledistributed under the terms andconditions of the Creative CommonsAttribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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