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Assessing lifestyle behaviours of people living with neurological conditions: A panoramic view of community dwelling Australians from 2007–2018

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Nag, N, Lin, X, Yu, M, Simpson-Yap, S ORCID: 0000-0001-6521-3056, Jelinek, GA, Neate, SL and Levin, M 2021 , 'Assessing lifestyle behaviours of people living with neurological conditions: A panoramic view of community dwelling Australians from 2007–2018' , Journal of Personalized Medicine, vol. 11, no. 2 , pp. 1-12 , doi: 10.3390/jpm11020144.

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Abstract

Neurological disorders pose a substantial health and economic burden to the individual and society, necessitating strategies for effective prevention and disease management. Lifestyle behaviours play a role in risk and management of some neurological disorders; however, overlap between lifestyle behaviours across disorders has not been well explored. We used log-binomial regression to assess associations of selected lifestyle behaviours in community-dwelling Australians (n = 192,091), some of whom self-reported Alzheimer's disease (AD), motor neurone disease (MND), multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease (PD) or stroke. Of six lifestyle behaviours, undertaking physical activity was inversely associated with the presence of all neurological disorders except PD. Smoking was positively associated with MND and stroke, and inversely associated with PD. Participants with AD and stroke shared inverse associations with cognitive engagement, face-to-face social interaction and stress-reducing activities, and MS was positively associated with online social interaction and stress-reduction activities. Of eleven food and beverage consumption categories, no associations were seen in MND, ten categories were inversely associated with people with AD or stroke, and six of these with PD. Vegetable and soft drink consumption were associated with MS. Further detailed assessment of commonalities in lifestyle behaviours across neurological disorders may inform potential strategies for risk reduction across disorders.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Nag, N and Lin, X and Yu, M and Simpson-Yap, S and Jelinek, GA and Neate, SL and Levin, M
Keywords: cross-sectional, diet, lifestyle behaviours, neurological disorders, population study
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Personalized Medicine
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2075-4426
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/jpm11020144
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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