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Pressure gradient differences between medical grade and sports compression socks

Brophy-Williams, N, Fell, JW ORCID: 0000-0001-6094-9865, Halson, SL, Kitic, CM ORCID: 0000-0001-9866-5665 and Driller, MW 2021 , 'Pressure gradient differences between medical grade and sports compression socks' , Journal of the Textile Institute, vol. 112, no. 2 , pp. 187-191 , doi: 10.1080/00405000.2020.1730664.

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the differences in the interface pressure applied by sports and medicalcompression socks and assess the pressure gradient profile. Sixty (30 male, 30 female) national representative athletes were fitted with both medical grade and sports compression socks in a counterbalanced order. Interface pressure was assessed using a Kikuhime pressure monitor at three differentlandmarks on the lower leg to better understand absolute pressure application and pressure gradientprofile. Medical grade compression socks exerted a small, yet significantly higher mean pressure acrossthe three landmarks (28.8 ± 4.4 mmHg) than sports compression socks (26.3 ± 4.0 mmHg, p d ¼ 0.57). Both garment types exhibited progressively graduated pressure profiles, where pressure washighest at the proximal end of the limb and lowest at the distal end. These findings highlight the possible differences between types of compression garments and their progressive, rather than graduated,pressure gradient.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Brophy-Williams, N and Fell, JW and Halson, SL and Kitic, CM and Driller, MW
Keywords: interface pressure, compression garments, sports performance, exercise recovery
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the Textile Institute
Publisher: Routledge
ISSN: 0040-5000
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/00405000.2020.1730664
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The Textile Institute

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