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Global view on ant venom allergy: from allergenic components to clinical management

Wanandy, T ORCID: 0000-0003-4703-0488, Mulcahy, E, Lau, WY, Brown, SGA and Wiese, MD 2021 , 'Global view on ant venom allergy: from allergenic components to clinical management' , Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology , doi: 10.1007/s12016-021-08858-1.

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Abstract

Hymenoptera venom allergy is characterised by systemic anaphylactic reactions that occur in response to stings from members of the Hymenoptera order. Stinging by social Hymenoptera such as ants, honeybees, and vespids is one of the 3 major causes of anaphylaxis; along with food and drug exposure, it accounts for up to 43% of anaphylaxis cases and 20% of anaphylaxis-related fatalities. Despite their recognition as being of considerable public health significance, stinging ant venoms are relatively unexplored in comparison to other animal venoms and may be overlooked as a cause of venom allergy. Indeed, the venoms of stinging ants may be the most common cause of anaphylaxis in ant endemic areas. A better understanding of the natural history of venom allergy caused by stinging ants, their venom components, and the management of ant venom allergy is therefore required. This article provides a global view on allergic reactions to the venoms of stinging ants and the contemporary approach to diagnose and manage ant venom allergy.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Wanandy, T and Mulcahy, E and Lau, WY and Brown, SGA and Wiese, MD
Keywords: allergy, anaphylaxis, stinging ant, venom
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology
Publisher: Humana Press Inc
ISSN: 1080-0549
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s12016-021-08858-1
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 Crown Copyright

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