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The range of non-traditional anthropometric parameters to define obesity and obesity-related disease in children: a systematic review

Ranasinghe, P, Jayawardena, R, Gamage, N, Pujitha Wickramasinghe, V and Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 2021 , 'The range of non-traditional anthropometric parameters to define obesity and obesity-related disease in children: a systematic review' , European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 75, no. 2 , pp. 373-384 , doi: 10.1038/s41430-020-00715-2.

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Obesity is defined as an abnormal/excessive accumulation of body fat, associated with health consequences. Althoughoverall obesity does confer a significant threat to the health of individuals, the distribution of body fat, especially abdominal/central obesity is of greater importance. For practical reasons, proxy anthropometric measurements have been developed toidentify central obesity, however, major limitations are noted in these traditional measurements. The present study aims toevaluate the literature, to identify and describe non-traditional anthropometric measurements of overweight and obesity inchildren. The current systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, and the search wasundertaken in the PubMed® database, using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms. Data extracted from each study were:(a) details of the study, (b) anthropometric parameter(s) evaluated in the study and its details, (c) study methods, (d)objectives of the study and/or comparisons, and (e) main findings/conclusions of the study. The search yielded a total of3697 articles, of which 31 studies were deemed eligible to be included. The literature search identified 13 non-traditionalanthropometric parameters. Data on non-traditional anthropometric parameters were derived from 24 countries. Majoritywere descriptive cross-sectional studies (n = 29), while sample size varied from 65 to 23,043. Non-traditionalanthropometric parameters showed variable correlation with obesity and/or related metabolic risk factors. Some parametersinvolved complex calculations, while others were based on a single anthropometric measurement or derived from traditionalmeasures. Most studies lacked comparison with a ‘gold standard’ assessment of body fat, hence further research is requiredto determine their accuracy and precision.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ranasinghe, P and Jayawardena, R and Gamage, N and Pujitha Wickramasinghe, V and Hills, AP
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0954-3007
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41430-020-00715-2
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited

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