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Children’s pictures of COVID-19 and measures to mitigate its spread: An international qualitative study


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Bray, L, Blake, L, Protheroe, J, Nafria, B, Garcia de Avila, MA, Angstrom-Brannstrom, C, Forsner, M, Campbell, S, Ford, K, Rullander, A-C, Robichaud, F, Jenholt Nolbris, M, Saron, H, Kirton, JA and Carter, B 2021 , 'Children’s pictures of COVID-19 and measures to mitigate its spread: An international qualitative study' , Health Education Journal, vol. 80, no. 7 , pp. 811-832 , doi: 10.1177/00178969211019459.

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Objectives: To gain insight into children’s health-related knowledge and understanding of Severe AcuteRespiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) and COVID-19, and measures adopted to mitigatetransmission.Design: A child-centred qualitative creative element embedded in an online mixed-methods survey ofchildren aged 7–12years.Setting: Children participated in the study in six countries – the UK, Australia, Sweden, Brazil, Spain and Canada.Method: A qualitative creative component, embedded in an online survey, prompted children to draw andlabel a picture. Children were recruited via their parents using the researchers’ professional social mediaaccounts, through known contacts, media and websites from health organisations within each country.Analysis of the form and content of the children’s pictures took place.Results: A total of 128 children (mean age 9.2 years) submitted either a hand-drawn (n = 111) ordigitally created (n = 17) picture. Four main themes were identified which related to children’s healthrelated knowledge of (1) COVID-19 and how it is transmitted; (2) measures and actions to mitigatetransmission; (3) places of safety during the pandemic; and (4) children’s role in mitigating COVID-19transmission.Conclusion: Children’s pictures indicated a good understanding of the virus, how it spreads and how tomitigate transmission. Children depicted their actions during the pandemic as protecting themselves, theirfamilies and wider society.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Bray, L and Blake, L and Protheroe, J and Nafria, B and Garcia de Avila, MA and Angstrom-Brannstrom, C and Forsner, M and Campbell, S and Ford, K and Rullander, A-C and Robichaud, F and Jenholt Nolbris, M and Saron, H and Kirton, JA and Carter, B
Keywords: children, COVID-19, health-related knowledge, pandemic, pictures
Journal or Publication Title: Health Education Journal
Publisher: Health Education Journal
ISSN: 0017-8969
DOI / ID Number: 10.1177/00178969211019459
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

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