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Patterns and predictors of sitting among women from disad-vantaged neighbourhoods over time: A 5-year prospective cohort study

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Nayak, M, Wills, K ORCID: 0000-0003-3897-2908, Teychenne, M, Salmon, J and Cleland, V ORCID: 0000-0001-8358-3237 2021 , 'Patterns and predictors of sitting among women from disad-vantaged neighbourhoods over time: A 5-year prospective cohort study' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 9 , pp. 1-13 , doi: 10.3390/ijerph18094625.

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Abstract

Background: Our aim was to describe patterns of sitting over time and determine the sociodemographic predictors of sitting over time among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods.Methods: Women age between 18 and 45 years (mean = 34.4 ±8.1, n = 4349) reported their sitting time, sociodemographic (e.g., age), and health (e.g., body mass index) three times over 5 years. Linear mixed modelling was used to determine the predictors of change in sitting over time, adjusting for covariates. Results: Mean baseline sitting time was 40.9 h/week, decreasing to 40.1 h/week over five years. Greater sitting time was reported in participants ≤25 years of age, living with obesity, living in urban areas, self-reported poor/fair health, working full-time, with higher education, never married and with no children. Annually, the average sitting time decreased by 0.4 h/week (95% CI; -0.7 to -0.05) in women working full-time but increased by 0.1 h/week (95% CI; -0.2 to 0.6) who were not working. Similarly, annual sitting time decreased by 0.6 h/week (95% CI; -0.2 to 1.3) in women with no children but increased by 0.4 h/week (95% CI; -0.2 to 0.5) and 0.9 h/week (95% CI; 0.3 to 1.3) among those with two and three/more children, respectively. Conclusion: Among disadvantaged women, those not working and with two or more children may be at particular risk for increased sitting time and warrant further attention.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Nayak, M and Wills, K and Teychenne, M and Salmon, J and Cleland, V
Keywords: low socioeconomic position, sedentary behaviour, sitting time, women
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1661-7827
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/ijerph18094625
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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