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Island medicine: using data linkage to establish the kidney health of the population of Tasmania, Australia

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Jose, M ORCID: 0000-0002-9589-0071, Raj, R ORCID: 0000-0003-4781-3255, Jose, K ORCID: 0000-0002-9346-6429, Kitsos, AR ORCID: 0000-0003-4319-1559, Saunder, THC ORCID: 0000-0001-6393-4589, McKercher, C ORCID: 0000-0002-7672-6743 and Radford, J ORCID: 0000-0002-5751-0488 2021 , 'Island medicine: using data linkage to establish the kidney health of the population of Tasmania, Australia' , International Journal of Population Data Science, vol. 6, no. 1 , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v6i1.1665.

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Abstract

Objective: To report (using linked laboratory data) the incidence, prevalence and geographic variation of chronic kidney disease (CKD) across the whole island population of Tasmania, Australia.Methods: A retrospective cohort study (the Tasmanian Chronic Kidney Disease study (CKD.TASlink)) using linked data from five health and two pathology datasets from the island state of Tasmania, Australia between 1/1/2004 and 31/12/2017. We used data on 460,737 Tasmanian adults (aged 18 years and older, representing 86.8% of the state's population) who had a serum creatinine measured during the study period. We defined CKD as per Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative, requiring two measures of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) Results: We identified 56,438 Tasmanians with CKD during the study period, equating to an age-standardised annual incidence of 1.0% and a prevalence of 6.5%. These figures were higher in women, older Tasmanians and people living in the North-West region of Tasmania. Testing for urinary albumin:creatinine ratio is increasing, with 28.5% of women and 30.8% of men with stage 3 CKD having both an eGFR and uACR in 2017. Use of KRT was consistently seen in >65% of Tasmanians with eGFR Conclusion: There is geographic and gender variation in the incidence and prevalence of CKD, but it is reassuring to see that the majority of people with end-stage kidney failure are actually receiving treatment with dialysis or transplantation.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Jose, M and Raj, R and Jose, K and Kitsos, AR and Saunder, THC and McKercher, C and Radford, J
Keywords: chronic kidney disease, dialysis, epidemiology, transplantation, Tasmania, data linkage,
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Population Data Science
Publisher: Swansea University
ISSN: 2399-4908
DOI / ID Number: 10.23889/ijpds.v6i1.1665
Copyright Information:

2021 © The Authors. Open Access under CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)

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