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Personality, staff attitudes and their association with absenteeism and presenteeism in Australian public sector hospital-based nurses: A cross-sectional study

Banks, C and Pearson, S ORCID: 0000-0001-6592-6494 2021 , 'Personality, staff attitudes and their association with absenteeism and presenteeism in Australian public sector hospital-based nurses: A cross-sectional study' , Journal of Nursing Management , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1111/jonm.13443.

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Abstract

Aim: To examine how personality and attitudes to sick leave influence nurses self-reported rates of absenteeism and presenteeism.Background: Despite the significant economic cost and negative impact of absenteeism and presenteeism in health care, there has been limited research looking at personality (using the five-factor model) and absenteeism and presenteeism in nurses.Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of 320 nurses.Results: Low emotional stability was significantly associated with higher presenteeism. Shift work predicted more absenteeism, whereas those who believed that a culture of entitlement to sick leave existed in the health service were less likely to be absent from work. Increased work-related stress was also a significant predictor of presenteeism.Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the role of personality, stress and attitudes in nurses' decision to be absent or present at work when they are sick.Implications for nursing management: Nurses are the largest workforce in health care settings. Reducing absenteeism and presenteeism in nursing through a greater understanding of the influencing factors will limit the economic impacts of this behaviour and improve patient safety.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Banks, C and Pearson, S
Keywords: absenteeism, presenteeism, attitudes, nurses, personality, shift work
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Nursing Management
Publisher: Blackwell Scientific Publications
ISSN: 0966-0429
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/jonm.13443
Copyright Information:

© 2021 John Wiley & Sons

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