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Multidisciplinary simulation training for perioperative teams: An integrative review

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Hibberson, M, Lawton, J and Whitehead, D ORCID: 0000-0003-4131-4594 2021 , 'Multidisciplinary simulation training for perioperative teams: An integrative review' , Journal of Perioperative Nursing, vol. 34, no. 2 , e-3-e-13 , doi: 10.26550/2209-1092.1111.

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Abstract

Background: The perioperative environment is a high-risk and complex area and theprovision of safe, high-quality surgical care requires a multifaceted approachprovided by multidisciplinary health care teams. However, it is reported thatthe multidisciplinary nature of perioperative teams can present barriers topatient safety through ineffective teamwork, ineffective collaboration and/or ineffective communication. Multidisciplinary simulation training createsrealistic situations in safe environments to allow perioperative teamsto improve teamwork and communication alongside the technical skillsneeded to manage emergency situations. This integrative review criticallyexamines and reports the effects of multidisciplinary simulation training onperioperative teams and highlights the actual and potential advantages anddisadvantages of such training.Method: A structured integrative literature review process was undertaken yielding 14key articles that were critically appraised and examined for emergent ‘themes’.Results: Multidisciplinary simulation training improved communication, teamwork,teamwork behaviours and teamwork attitudes between multidisciplinaryperioperative team members. Overall, improvements in communication andteamwork correlated with improvements in perioperative patient safety.Despite the numerous benefits of multidisciplinary simulation trainingthere are notable barriers to the implementation of such training programs.Multidisciplinary simulation training can be costly to set up and timeconsuming to facilitate. However, overall increases in patient safety offset thecost of simulation training and time-based barriers can be reduced by runningsimulation training in conjunction with existing education programs.Conclusion: Multidisciplinary simulation training improved communication and teamworkamong perioperative teams and this method of training is recommendedoverall within perioperative units. However, there were notable gaps within theliterature, and further research involving multidisciplinary perioperative teamswithin Australian perioperative units should be conducted to gain a greaterinsight into the presence of multidisciplinary simulation training and theeffects of such training.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Hibberson, M and Lawton, J and Whitehead, D
Keywords: simulation training, multidisciplinary, interprofessional, interdisciplinary, perioperative, operating room, theatre
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Perioperative Nursing
Publisher: Australian College of Perioperative Nurses
ISSN: 2209-1084
DOI / ID Number: 10.26550/2209-1092.1111
Copyright Information:

This is an Open Access article under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

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