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Characteristics associated with willingness to walk further than necessary to the bus stop: Insights for public transport-related physical activity

Stanesby, O, Morse, M, Magill, L, Ball, K, Blizzard, L ORCID: 0000-0002-9541-6943, Harpur, S, Jose, K ORCID: 0000-0002-9346-6429, Lester, D, Marshall, E, Palmer, AJ ORCID: 0000-0002-9703-7891, Sharman, MJ, Williams, J and Cleland, V ORCID: 0000-0001-8358-3237 2021 , 'Characteristics associated with willingness to walk further than necessary to the bus stop: Insights for public transport-related physical activity' , Journal of Transport and Health, vol. 22 , pp. 1-12 , doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2021.101139.

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Abstract

Background and aims:There is untapped potential for public transport-related physical activity to make an important contribution to total physical activity and hence improve health. This study aimed to determine the willingness of public transport users to walk further than necessary to a stop, and the characteristics of those willing to do so.Methods:This study used data from three waves (2016, 2017, 2018) of the Metro Tasmania Customer Satisfaction Survey (CSS), an annual cross-sectional survey of bus passengers in Tasmania, Australia. Linear and logistic regression modelled associations between socio-demographic and transport behaviour characteristics with willingness to travel further to usual bus stop if frequency was improved (yes/no), and if willing, the extra distance (metres) prepared to travel. Analyses were restricted to those reporting walking to their bus stop (n = 1402).Results:Half of 1402 bus passengers were prepared to walk further (average 521 m) to their usual bus stop if frequency was improved. A range of characteristics were positively (residential location) and negatively (age, female sex, retired/on pension, no regular motor vehicle access, intermittent public transport use, higher public transport-related physical activity) associated with willingness to walk further to the bus stop. Distance willing to walk varied by a range of demographic characteristics (sex, household income, age, employment status, bus use, public transport-related physical activity). Only age was consistently associated across all three surveys: younger bus passengers were more willing to walk further and recorded greater distances willing to walk.Conclusions:The characteristics identified provide insights into which population groups may be more amenable to strategies to increase public transport-related physical activity, and which groups may require further investigation to identify reasons for lack of willingness to walk further to bus stops. Improving bus service frequency may increase public transport-related physical activity and confer health benefits.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Stanesby, O and Morse, M and Magill, L and Ball, K and Blizzard, L and Harpur, S and Jose, K and Lester, D and Marshall, E and Palmer, AJ and Sharman, MJ and Williams, J and Cleland, V
Keywords: transportation, active commuting, exercise, rural, regional, public health
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Transport and Health
Publisher: Elsevier BV
ISSN: 2214-1405
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.jth.2021.101139
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© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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