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Methods to develop figure rating scales (FRS): A systematic review

Jayawardena, R, Sooriyaarachchi, P, Kagawa, M, Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 and King, NA 2021 , 'Methods to develop figure rating scales (FRS): A systematic review' , Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: clinical research & reviews, vol. 15, no. 3 , pp. 687-693 , doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2021.03.026.

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Background and aims: Figure Rating Scales (FRS) are psychometric instruments developed to measureindividual’s perception of physical appearance and subsequently, to determine the level of bodydissatisfaction. The following systematic review summarizes existing FRSs and the techniques used todevelopment them.Methods: A systematic search was conducted in the following databases; PubMed®, Web of Science®,Scopus® using key words “figure rating scale” AND “Stunkard".Results: From 466 potentially relevant articles, 24 publications were included, 22 publications reportingoriginal FRSs with the other two scales being modifications of the original for children and babies. Fifteenwere figural drawings or silhouettes and nine were developed by photographic techniques, videomethods or using computer software. Most of the figural scales were applicable for adults and consistedof nine images. Ten of the 15 figural scales were without facial features and four scales had minimal facialfeatures. Technological advancements including 3D modeling have played a pivotal role in the development of FRSs.Conclusions: FRSs have been developed by a mix of traditional and modern techniques. The developmentand validation of ethnic specific FRSs using modern technology should be the priority for future studies.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Jayawardena, R and Sooriyaarachchi, P and Kagawa, M and Hills, AP and King, NA
Keywords: figure rating scale, Stunkard, FRS, silhouettes, figural
Journal or Publication Title: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: clinical research & reviews
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 1871-4021
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.dsx.2021.03.026
Copyright Information:

© 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Diabetes India.

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