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Assessing impacts of canopy 3D structure on chlorophyll fluorescence radiance and radiative budget of deciduous forest stands using DART

Regaieg, O, Yin, T, Malenovsky, Z ORCID: 0000-0002-1271-8103, Cook, BD, Morton, DC and Gastellu-Etchegorry, JP 2021 , 'Assessing impacts of canopy 3D structure on chlorophyll fluorescence radiance and radiative budget of deciduous forest stands using DART' , Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 265 , pp. 1-22 , doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2021.112673.

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Abstract

Although remote sensing (RS) of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) is increasingly used as a valuable source of information about vegetation photosynthetic activity, the RS SIF observations are significantly influenced by canopy-specific structural features (i.e.canopy architecture including leaf area index and presence of woody components), atmospheric conditions during their acquisition (e.g., proportion of direct and diffuse irradiance) and observational geometric configurations (e.g., sun and viewing directions). Radiative transfer (RT) models have the potential to provide a better understanding of the canopy structural effects on the SIF emission and RS signals. Here, we used the DART model to assess the daily influence, from morning to evening, of forest 3D architecture on SIF nadir radiance, emission, escape factor and nadir yield of eight 100 m × 100 m forest study plots established in a temperate deciduous forest of the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (Edgewater, MD, USA). The 3D architecture of each plot was derived from airborne LiDAR. DART simulations of these 3D forest plots and their 1D (i.e., vertical profile of sun-adapted and shade-adapted leaves) and 0D (i.e., homogeneous layer of sun-adapted leaves above an homogeneous layer of shade-adapted leaves) abstractions were compared to assess the relative errors (ε1D−3D and ε0D−3D) associated with horizontal and vertical structural heterogeneity, respectively. Forest 3D structure, especially horizontal heterogeneity, had a great influence on forest nadir SIF radiance, resulting in ε1D−3D up to 55% at 8:00 and 18:00 (i.e., for oblique sun directions). The key indicators of this impact, in the descending order of importance, were the SIF escape factor (ε1D−3D up to 40%), the attenuation of incident photosynthetically active radiation (ε1D−3D less than 5%), and the SIF emission yield (ε1D−3D less than 2%). The influence of forest architecture on the nadir SIF escape factor and SIF yield (ε1D−3D up to 40%) varied over time, with differences in forest stand structure, and per spectral domain, being always larger between 640 and 700 nm than between 700 and 850 nm. In addition, woody elements demonstrated a large influence on forest SIF radiance due to their “shading” effect (ε up to 17%) and their “blocking” effect (ε ≈ 10%), both of them higher for far-red than for red SIF. These results underline the importance of 3D forest canopy architecture, especially 2D heterogeneity, and inclusion of woody elements in RT modeling used for interpretation of the RS SIF signal, and subsequently for the estimation of gross primary production and detection of vegetation stress.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Regaieg, O and Yin, T and Malenovsky, Z and Cook, BD and Morton, DC and Gastellu-Etchegorry, JP
Keywords: SIF, radiative transfer modeling, radiative budget, photosynthetic active radiation, escape factor, 3D forest architecture, wood
Journal or Publication Title: Remote Sensing of Environment
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
ISSN: 0034-4257
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.rse.2021.112673
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© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

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