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Crustose coralline algae display sensitivity to near future global ocean change scenarios

Britton, D, Mundy, CN ORCID: 0000-0002-1945-3750, Noisette, F, McGraw, CM and Hurd, CL ORCID: 0000-0001-9965-4917 2021 , 'Crustose coralline algae display sensitivity to near future global ocean change scenarios' , ICES Journal of Marine Science , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsab220.

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Abstract

Most research investigating how ocean warming and acidification will impact marine species has focused on visually dominant species, such as kelps and corals, while ignoring visually cryptic species such as crustose coralline algae (CCA). CCA are important keystone species that provide settlement cues for invertebrate larvae and can be highly sensitive to global ocean change. However, few studies have assessed how CCA respond to low emission scenarios or conditions. In a laboratory experiment, we examined the responses of temperate CCA assemblages to combined warming and acidification projected under low, medium, and high emissions. Net calcification and net photosynthesis significantly declined in all emissions scenarios, while significant reductions in relative growth rates and increases in percentage bleaching were observed in the highest emission scenario. The negative responses of CCA to both low and medium emissions suggest that they may be adversely impacted by combined warming and acidification by 2030 if current emissions are sustained. This will have far reaching consequences for commercially important invertebrates that rely on them to induce settlement of larvae. These findings highlight the need to take rapid action to preserve these critical keystone species and the valuable services they provide.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Britton, D and Mundy, CN and Noisette, F and McGraw, CM and Hurd, CL
Keywords: ocean acidification, seaweed, coralline algae, calcification, bleaching, crustose coralline algae, physiology
Journal or Publication Title: ICES Journal of Marine Science
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 1054-3139
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/icesjms/fsab220
Copyright Information:

Copyright International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2021. All rights reserved.

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