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Type-D personality and elevated psychological symptoms in early adjustment of severe burn injury patients

Mujezinovic, A, Kwiet, J, Kornhaber, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6556-6775, Holt, R, Streimer, J, Vandervord, J, Rogers, V, Shaw, J, Law, J, Cleary, M ORCID: 0000-0002-1453-4850 and McLean, L 2018 , 'Type-D personality and elevated psychological symptoms in early adjustment of severe burn injury patients' , Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol. 39, no. 4 , pp. 337-343 , doi: 10.1080/01612840.2017.1416506.

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Abstract

Severe burn injuries are highly traumatic requiring lengthy recovery. High levels of distress in the early stages of treatment have been associated with poor physical and psychosocial recovery outcomes. Identifying traits relating to distress and personal coping styles may aid screening. Type-D, or ‘distressed’, personality may be such a trait. Type-D personality refers to an ongoing personality organization defined by a tendency to experience greater negative emotions and thoughts while simultaneously socially inhibiting their expression (Denollet et al., 1996). Type-D has been linked to poor health outcomes in those with cardiovascular disease as well as other populations and has been found to be associated with elevated psychological symptoms. Currently, there are no investigations in the literature looking at Type-D in the severe burns injury population. This study aimed to investigate Type-D in severe burn injury patients, specifically regarding the presence of psychological symptoms in early treatment, using data gathered during a pilot study conducted at a severe burn injury unit. The DS-16, Davidson Trauma scale and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale scores were analysed along with demographic and clinical data in 54 participants (40 males, 14 females). Participants who were found to have Type-D displayed significantly higher levels of psychopathology. Additionally, Type-D was found to be a significant predictor of psychological symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Mujezinovic, A and Kwiet, J and Kornhaber, R and Holt, R and Streimer, J and Vandervord, J and Rogers, V and Shaw, J and Law, J and Cleary, M and McLean, L
Keywords: Type-D personality, elevated psychological symptoms, early adjustment of severe burn injury patients
Journal or Publication Title: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc.
ISSN: 0161-2840
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/01612840.2017.1416506
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

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