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Foreward, Ballast Water

Hallegraeff, GM 2007 , 'Foreward, Ballast Water' , Harmful Algae, vol. 6, no. 4 , pp. 461-464 , doi:

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The very first claim, made some 100 years ago, of
cargo vessel ballast water as a vector in the dispersal of
nonindigenous marine organisms refers to a microalga.
The diatom Biddulphia (now Odontella) sinensis, then
well known from the tropical and subtropical coasts of
the Indo-Pacific, was not reported in European waters
until 1903, when it produced dense plankton blooms in
the North Sea. Since it was unlikely that this large
diatom could have been overlooked previously, and
impossible that it could have been carried by currents
from distant oceans, Ostenfeld (1908) brazenly suggested
that this species was introduced by ship (Fig. 1).

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Hallegraeff, GM
Journal or Publication Title: Harmful Algae
Publisher: Elsevier BV
ISSN: 1568-9883
DOI / ID Number:
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