Open Access Repository

Cocatalyst influence in selective oligomerization: effect on activity, catalyst stability, and 1-Hexane/1-Octene selectivity in the ethylene trimerization and tetramerization reaction

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

McGuinness, DS, Rucklidge, AJ, Tooze, RP and Slawin, AMZ 2007 , 'Cocatalyst influence in selective oligomerization: effect on activity, catalyst stability, and 1-Hexane/1-Octene selectivity in the ethylene trimerization and tetramerization reaction' , Organometallics, vol. 26, No. 10 , pp. 2561-2569 , doi: 10.1021/om070029c.

[img] PDF
4168.pdf | Request a copy
Full text restricted
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

Abstract

The trimerization and tetramerization of ethylene to 1-hexene and 1-octene with a Cr/PNP/AlEt3 catalyst
system, in combination with a variety of cocatalysts, has been investigated. The cocatalysts B(C6F5)3 (1),
Al(OC6F5)3 (2), [(Et2O)2H][Al(OC6F5)4] (3), [Ph3C][Ta(OC6F5)6] (4), (Et2O)Al{OCH(C6F5)2}3 (5), (Et2O)-
Al{OC(CF3)3}3 (6), [Ph3C][Al{OC(CF3)3}4] (7), [Ph3C][AlF{OC(CF3)3}3] (8), [Ph3C][{(F3C)3CO}3Al-
F-Al{OC(CF3)3}3] (9), and [Ph3C][CB11H6Br6] (10) have been evaluated. The relative selectivity to
1-hexene and 1-octene obtained shows a strong dependence on the nature of the cocatalyst, and a range
of selectivities from <5% C8 (90% C6) to 72%C8 have been observed. The stability of several cocatalysts
toward AlEt3 has been studied, and the poor performance of 1 and 2 is linked to degradation of the
cocatalyst through ethyl group exchange with AlEt3. In contrast, the [Al{OC(CF3)3}4]- anion in 7 is
much more stable and gives rise to a highly active and longer lived catalyst. The overall productivity and
selectivity of the catalyst is dependent upon both cocatalyst stability and the nature of the anion present,
and a reason for this effect has been suggested. Selectivity control by the cocatalyst has been ascribed
to interaction of the anion with the active Cr center.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:McGuinness, DS and Rucklidge, AJ and Tooze, RP and Slawin, AMZ
Journal or Publication Title: Organometallics
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0276-7333
DOI / ID Number: 10.1021/om070029c
Additional Information:

Copyright © 2007 American Chemical Society

Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP