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Leo A: A late-blooming survivor of the epoch of reionization in the local group


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Cole, AA, Stetson, PB, Weisz, DR, Skillman, ED, Tolstoy, E, Gallagher, JS, Antonio, A, Dolphin, AE, Gallart, C, Hidalgo, SL and Saha, A 2007 , 'Leo A: A late-blooming survivor of the epoch of reionization in the local group' , The Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 659, no. 1 , L17-L20 , doi: 10.1086/516711.

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As part of a major program to use isolated Local Group dwarf galaxies as near-field probes of cosmology, we
have obtained deep images of the dwarf irregular galaxy Leo A with the Advanced Camera for Surveys aboard
the Hubble Space Telescope. From these images we have constructed a color-magnitude diagram (CMD) reaching
apparent [absolute] magnitudes of (M , M ) (29.0 [4.4], 27.9 [3.4]), the deepest ever achieved for any 475 814
irregular galaxy beyond the Magellanic Clouds. We derive the star formation rate (SFR) as a function of time
over the entire history of the galaxy. We find that over 90% of all the star formation that ever occurred in
Leo A happened more recently than 8 Gyr ago. The CMD shows only a very small amount of star formation
in the first few billion years after the big bang; a possible burst at the oldest ages cannot be claimed with high
confidence. The peak SFR occurred ≈1.5–4 Gyr ago, at a level 5–10 times the current value. Our modeling
indicates that Leo A has experienced very little metallicity evolution; the mean inferred metallicity is consistent
with measurements of the present-day gas-phase oxygen abundance. We cannot exclude a scenario in which all
of the ancient star formation occurred prior to the end of the era of reionization, but it seems unlikely that the
lack of star formation prior to ≈8 Gyr ago was due to early loss or exhaustion of the in situ gas reservoir.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Cole, AA and Stetson, PB and Weisz, DR and Skillman, ED and Tolstoy, E and Gallagher, JS and Antonio, A and Dolphin, AE and Gallart, C and Hidalgo, SL and Saha, A
Keywords: galaxies: dwarf—galaxies: evolution—galaxies: individual
Journal or Publication Title: The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISSN: 0004-637X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1086/516711
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