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Dynamical relations in the self-pattern


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Gallagher, S and Daly, A ORCID: 0000-0002-4832-6611 2018 , 'Dynamical relations in the self-pattern' , Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9 , pp. 1-13 , doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00664.

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The notion of a self-pattern, as developed in the pattern theory of self (Gallagher, 2013), which holds that the self is best explained in terms of the kind of reality that pertains to a dynamical pattern, acknowledges the importance of neural dynamics, but also expands the account of self to extra-neural (embodied and enactive) dynamics. The pattern theory of self, however, has been criticized for failing to explicate the dynamical relations among elements of the self-pattern (e.g., Kyselo, 2014; Beni, 2016; de Haan et al., 2017); as such, it seems to be nothing more than a mere list of elements. We’ll argue that the dynamics of a self-pattern are reflected in three significant and interrelated ways that allow for investigation. First, a self-pattern is reflectively reiterated in its narrative component. Second, studies of psychiatric or neurological disorders can help us understand the precise nature of the dynamical relations in a self-pattern, and how they can fail. Third, referencing predictive processing accounts, neuroscience can also help to explicate the dynamical relations that constitute the self-pattern.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Gallagher, S and Daly, A
Keywords: phenomenology, psychiatry, psychopathology, self-disorders, DSM, diagnosis, treatment, psychometrics, self, pattern, self-model, predictive processing, Free Energy Principle, narrative
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1664-1078
DOI / ID Number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00664
Copyright Information:

© 2018. Gallagher and Daly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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