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A gender in-group effect on facial recall

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Bailey, AR 2021 , 'A gender in-group effect on facial recall', Honours thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

In-group bias in face recall accuracy has been consistently demonstrated with individuals performing better when encountering faces of their own social categorisation. Research has discovered this effect across race and age and has uncovered some evidence of an own gender bias. Discrepancies remain however, especially when alternative in-groups are established. The current study assessed 106 (68 female, 38 male) adult participants’ recall accuracy across male and female faces after reading a news article, either highlighting gender inequalities or collective experiences. No significant differences between conditions in either recall or confidence were observed. There were also no significant differences in recall accuracy between genders. Furthermore, no significant differences were exhibited in women’s accuracy across face genders. However, a statistically significant medium strength positive difference was found in men’s accuracy of male faces when compared to female faces. Additionally, the results revealed men recorded significantly higher confidence ratings than women. These findings advance understanding of the impacts of gender and social identity on recall and confidence ratings. They suggest confidence ratings adhere to a general intelligence model (impacted by both fundamental knowledge and stressors). Therefore, more reliable methods of assessing identification accuracy in eye-witness testimonies than collective confidence ratings should be developed.

Item Type: Thesis - Honours
Authors/Creators:Bailey, AR
Keywords: confidence-accuracy, social inequality, eyewitness testimonies, face recognition, metacognitive models, facial recognition
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Copyright 2021 the author

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