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Mineralization, alteration assemblages, geochemistry and stable isotopes of the intermediate-sulfidation epithermal Kylo Deposit, Drake Goldfield, North-Eastern NSW, Australia: evidence for a significant magmatic fluid component

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Quan, H, Graham, I, Worland, R, French, D, Adler, L, Dietz, C and Grieg, A 2021 , 'Mineralization, alteration assemblages, geochemistry and stable isotopes of the intermediate-sulfidation epithermal Kylo Deposit, Drake Goldfield, North-Eastern NSW, Australia: evidence for a significant magmatic fluid component' , Environmental Sciences Proceedings, vol. 6, no. 1 , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.3390/iecms2021-09347.

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Abstract

The intermediate-sulfidation epithermal Kylo deposit is part of the Drake Goldfield of north-eastern NSW. The mineralization is gold-dominant with minor silver and significant levels of zinc, copper and lead. Kylo has a resource of 2.298 Mt @ 1.23 g/T Au and 1.35 g/T Ag. Mineralization mainly occurs in the form of vein stockworks. Petrographic and SEM analysis shows that there are at least three mineralization events, with Au mineralization strongly associated with at least a deposit-scale alteration event. Quantitative XRD analysis shows a positive correlation between Au-mineralization and argillic-phyllic alteration. Electrum was found as an inclusion in massive sphalerite in the main mineralization stage. Correlation analysis for the assay data indicates that Au has a strong relation with Ag and Pb. Petrographic and geochemical analysis has identified three lithologies: rhyolite, rhyodacite/dacite and andesite, with Au mineralization more associated with the rhyodacites, while at deeper levels some of the andesites also show a relatively strong correlation with Au. Strontium shows a significant strong depletion, due to the intense and pervasive alteration at Kylo. The andesitic volcanics show moderate LREE enrichment with small negative Eu anomalies, and relative depletion in Nb, Ta and Ti, indicating an island arc tectonic setting. The carbon and oxygen isotopes of late-stage vein carbonates suggest that the late-stage fluid was mostly derived from a magmatic source, but with a minor contribution from low-temperature fluids intimately associated with alteration processes. The sulfur isotopes indicate that the sulfide mineralization had a magmatic sulfur source.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Quan, H and Graham, I and Worland, R and French, D and Adler, L and Dietz, C and Grieg, A
Keywords: intermediate-sulfidation epithermal deposit, geochemistry, alteration, stable isotope, Drake, Kylo, magmatic source, gold
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Sciences Proceedings
Publisher: MDPIAG
ISSN: 2673-4931
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/iecms2021-09347
Copyright Information:

Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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