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Towards an eco-phylogenetic framework for infectious disease ecology

Fountain-Jones, NM ORCID: 0000-0001-9248-8493, Pearse, WD, Escobar, LE, Alba-Casals, A, Carver, S ORCID: 0000-0002-3579-7588, Davies, TJ, Kraberger, S, Papes, M, Vandergrift, K, Worsley-Tonks, K and Craft, ME 2017 , 'Towards an eco-phylogenetic framework for infectious disease ecology' , Biological Reviews, vol. 93, no. 2 , pp. 950-970 , doi: 10.1111/brv.12380.

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Identifying patterns and drivers of infectious disease dynamics across multiple scales is a fundamental challenge for modern science. There is growing awareness that it is necessary to incorporate multi-host and/or multi-parasite interactions to understand and predict current and future disease threats better, and new tools are needed to help address this task. Eco-phylogenetics (phylogenetic community ecology) provides one avenue for exploring multi-host multi-parasite systems, yet the incorporation of eco-phylogenetic concepts and methods into studies of host pathogen dynamics has lagged behind. Eco-phylogenetics is a transformative approach that uses evolutionary history to infer present-day dynamics. Here, we present an eco-phylogenetic framework to reveal insights into parasite communities and infectious disease dynamics across spatial and temporal scales. We illustrate how eco-phylogenetic methods can help untangle the mechanisms of host–parasite dynamics from individual (e.g. co-infection) to landscape scales (e.g. parasite/host community structure). An improved ecological understanding of multi-host and multi-pathogen dynamics across scales will increase our ability to predict disease threats.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Fountain-Jones, NM and Pearse, WD and Escobar, LE and Alba-Casals, A and Carver, S and Davies, TJ and Kraberger, S and Papes, M and Vandergrift, K and Worsley-Tonks, K and Craft, ME
Keywords: epidemiology, co-infection, ecological niche modelling, multi-host, multi-parasite, pathogens, phylodynamics, phylogenetic, community ecology, spill-over, transmission
Journal or Publication Title: Biological Reviews
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1464-7931
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/brv.12380
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Cambridge Philosophical Society

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