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Religion, minority status, and trust: Evidence from a field experiment

Gupta, G, Mahmud, M, Maitra, P, Mitra, S and Neelim, A ORCID: 0000-0001-6352-2859 2018 , 'Religion, minority status, and trust: Evidence from a field experiment' , Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol. 146 , pp. 180-205 , doi:

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This paper reports the results from a lab-in-the-field experiment conducted in Bangladesh and India that examines the influence of religion and relative status on trust and trustworthiness. We find that in both locations individuals with minority status, irrespective of their religion, exhibit positive in-group bias in trust, while individuals with majority status show positive out-group bias in trustworthiness. This suggests that behavior is not driven by religious identity per se but is highly influenced by the relative status it generates within the population. Within both groups, heterogeneity with respect to how strongly individuals associate with the group identity affects behavior.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Gupta, G and Mahmud, M and Maitra, P and Mitra, S and Neelim, A
Keywords: trust, religion, status, in-group and out-group, field experiment, south Asia
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Publisher: Elsevier BV
ISSN: 0167-2681
DOI / ID Number:
Copyright Information:

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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